Exterminio indígena apañado por el Estado

Con la complicidad de autoridades colonos invaden tierras indígenas a punta de bala

  • Más de 500 familias indígenas han sido desplazadas
  • Líderes comunitarios denuncian involucramiento de ex militares 

 

Las comunidades indígenas que habitan el Caribe Norte de Nicaragua se encuentran bajo amenaza.

Por siglos han mantenido sus tradiciones ancentrales y su forma de vida, que se basa la convivencia armónica con la naturaleza, de donde obtienen su comida y solo lo que necesitan.

Esa forma de vida hace que esas zonas hayan estado aisladas de la depredación humana y conforman ahora el territorio más rico en recursos naturales. Por eso, se encuentran en la mira de los grandes empresarios extractivistas, que a través de alianzas mafiosas con gente cercana al gobierno, según denuncian los pobladores indígenas, han conseguido permisos para instalarse en territorios que por ley, pertenecen a las comunidades nativas.

Esos invasores conocidos como colonos o terceros por no pertenecer a las etnias indígenas, obligan el desplazamiento de los nativos ejerciendo la violencia.

“Los colonos han invadido nuestras tierras (…) hoy en día los colonos vienen y vienen, nos las quitan, amenazan, nos matan, entonces nosotros como miskitos ya no tenemos tierras”, dice el pescador Ron Fenley de la comunidad Li-Un en un reporte de la cadena DW en español.

A Orillas del Río Wanki o Río Coco la situación es tensa desde hace muchos años.

“Con miedo, así pasamos (…) no podemos ir al monte solitos a traer nuestras comidas (…) tenemos que ir armados ahí, si vamos solitos podemos encontrarnos con los terceros colonos, pero tenemos que ir unidos y traer nuestro pan de cada día para comer”, dice Colombina Pineda, habitante de la zona en un reporte del Centro por la Justicia y Derechos Humanos de la Costa Atlántica de Nicaragua.

Foto cortesía: CEJUDHCAN

En la comunidad San Jerónimo, en una loma que sobresale más allá del río hay una tumba. Pertenece a un líder comunal, víctima de los colonos invasores. “Nosotros decidimos ir a limpiar nuestra plantación de plátanos, cuando llegamos al lugar de nuestra parcela nos encontramos con los colonos armados, nos dijeron: “Alto, manos arriba, no vengan más a estas tierras, porque ahora nos pertenecen a nosotros”, mi papá se puso a discutir y uno de los armados le disparó”, cuenta con tristeza Saúl Pérez, hijo del hombre asesinado.

 Ortega entregó títulos de propiedad en 23 territorios indígenas como parte de la Ley 445, Ley del Régimen de la Propiedad Comunal, aún así autoridades regionales han entregado otros títulos a colonos sobre esas mismas propiedades provocando el caos.

Los colonos establecen sus propios cultivos, haciendo crecer la frontera agrícola, despalan para extraer la madera y perforan el terreno para establecer minas y sacar oro y otros minerales.

El gobierno ¿cómplice?

Foto cortesía: CEJUDHCAN

 

Cientos de indígenas han huido y no hay nadie que pueda hacer nada por ellos. Ya los líderes religiosos y comunitarios han interpuesto las denuncias ante las autoridades regionales y gubernamentales, sin resultados.

Quienes se dedican a defender los derechos humanos están bajo el asedio, las amenazas y la intimidación de los colonos. Es el caso de Juana Bilbano, quien lleva un registro de los crímenes a indígenas a raíz de la invasión. “Tenemos jóvenes, líderes asesinados, mujeres violadas, líderes secuestradas que están desaparecidas, jóvenes heridos, hay comunidades enteras quemadas como la comunidad de Polo Paiwas, hay comunidades desplazadas como Cocal, Naranjal, que se encuentran refugiados en el territorio de Honduras”, denuncia la activista.

Bilbano ha sido amenazada de muerte, y su organización fue  acorralada para no seguir recibiendo financiamiento para la defensa  de los derechos humanos de los comunitarios.

Para el gobierno las defensoras de derechos humanos tienen un trabajo que les incomoda. Hace unos días Lottie Cunningham, Directora del Centro por la Justicia y Derechos Humanos de la Costa Atlántica de Nicaragua CEJUDHCAN, fue apresada, aunque se le dejó en libertad un día después, se le aplicó restricción migratoria. Ortega teme que al salir del país, pueda contar al mundo las barbaries que se cometen contra los nativos en el Caribe Norte y eso es algo que no le conviene.

 “El Estado de Nicaragua conoce esta información, los ha identificado, muchos de ellos son ex militares que han tomado las tierras indígenas sin el consentimiento de las comunidades (…) responsabilizamos al Estado de Nicaragua por la inacción, ha sido cómplice ante esta masiva invasión de las comunidades indígenas”, dijo Cunningham a Hora Cero.

La activista denuncia que la situación en el Caribe ha generado no solo desplazamiento forzado de los indígenas, sino que también ha atentado contra su seguridad alimentaria, debido a que han perdido las tierras que cultivaban y que representaban el alimento diario de sus familias.

La CIDH investigó

El caso fue llevado ante la CIDH  en el año 2016, lo que motivó una investigación del organismo, que confirmó las serias violaciones a los derechos humanos y urgió al Estado acciones para detener las invasiones y los abusos. Otorgó además medidas cautelares a varias comunidades donde la invasión y la violencia  eran críticas. El gobierno hizo caso omiso a la solicitud  y las invasiones no solo continúan, sino que aumentan, así como los crímenes cometidos por los colonos.

“Lo que nosotros como centro tenemos contabilizados son 34 indígenas asesinados, 44 indígenas lesionados, 25 secuestrados y cuatro desaparecidos en defensa de la tierra”, dice Cunningham, además hay dos casos de abuso sexual.

La activista expresó su preocupación ante un posible etnocidio. Es decir, la posibilidad que el desplazamiento forzado de los indígenas haga desaparecer sus dialectos, sus costumbres y tradiciones y los despoje de los territorios que han ocupado por siglos.

14 comentarios sobre “Exterminio indígena apañado por el Estado

  • el 04/11/2018 a las 10:41 pm
    Permalink

    I must express appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of this type of situation. Right after researching throughout the the net and meeting thoughts which are not productive, I thought my life was done. Being alive without the approaches to the difficulties you’ve resolved through your entire website is a critical case, as well as the kind which might have in a wrong way affected my entire career if I hadn’t come across the website. The ability and kindness in maneuvering all the stuff was priceless. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a thing like this. I am able to at this time relish my future. Thanks very much for your specialized and effective guide. I won’t be reluctant to refer your web page to anybody who will need guide on this area.

  • el 04/11/2018 a las 12:35 am
    Permalink

    I am just commenting to make you know of the terrific encounter our princess gained visiting yuor web blog. She came to understand a good number of things, with the inclusion of how it is like to have an amazing helping mood to get most people without problems understand chosen complex matters. You really exceeded people’s expected results. I appreciate you for supplying such good, trustworthy, informative and in addition unique thoughts on this topic to Kate.

  • el 03/11/2018 a las 1:36 am
    Permalink

    I wanted to send you a bit of word to be able to say thanks as before for these striking strategies you’ve shown in this article. It was simply generous with you to make unreservedly all that a number of us would’ve offered for sale as an e-book to earn some profit for their own end, primarily seeing that you could have done it in case you desired. These creative ideas additionally acted to become a fantastic way to be aware that most people have the same zeal the same as my personal own to understand good deal more pertaining to this condition. I am certain there are some more pleasant sessions in the future for individuals that discover your site.

  • el 02/11/2018 a las 4:26 am
    Permalink

    I’m just commenting to make you know what a fabulous experience my friend’s princess had going through your web site. She learned a lot of details, with the inclusion of what it’s like to possess a very effective coaching style to make men and women effortlessly know just exactly chosen hard to do topics. You actually surpassed readers’ desires. Thank you for supplying these insightful, healthy, revealing not to mention fun tips on that topic to Ethel.

  • el 01/11/2018 a las 4:05 pm
    Permalink

    I want to express thanks to this writer just for bailing me out of this predicament. After looking out through the world-wide-web and coming across methods which were not productive, I assumed my life was over. Existing without the solutions to the problems you have fixed by way of this site is a serious case, and the kind which could have negatively affected my career if I had not encountered the blog. That know-how and kindness in handling all the pieces was invaluable. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t discovered such a subject like this. It’s possible to at this time look forward to my future. Thank you so much for the impressive and result oriented help. I won’t be reluctant to suggest the website to any individual who needs to have assistance about this issue.

  • el 01/11/2018 a las 11:47 am
    Permalink

    I simply needed to thank you so much again. I do not know the things that I could possibly have undertaken without the actual concepts revealed by you on this field. It had become an absolute distressing issue in my opinion, however , noticing this well-written tactic you managed it forced me to leap over happiness. Now i am grateful for the work and even trust you find out what a powerful job your are putting in educating the others through the use of your web page. I am certain you have never come across any of us.

  • el 31/10/2018 a las 7:02 pm
    Permalink

    I simply wanted to develop a simple message to be able to appreciate you for all of the awesome tactics you are sharing here. My incredibly long internet research has at the end of the day been paid with good know-how to share with my family and friends. I would tell you that most of us readers are truly endowed to be in a wonderful site with so many outstanding people with valuable tactics. I feel somewhat privileged to have come across your entire webpages and look forward to tons of more fabulous minutes reading here. Thanks again for all the details.

  • el 30/10/2018 a las 10:57 pm
    Permalink

    I simply wanted to construct a small comment in order to say thanks to you for all the lovely concepts you are sharing on this website. My time consuming internet research has at the end of the day been rewarded with reasonable content to exchange with my family members. I would claim that most of us readers actually are undoubtedly fortunate to exist in a superb place with so many perfect professionals with valuable basics. I feel very much privileged to have discovered your weblog and look forward to so many more fabulous minutes reading here. Thanks once again for everything.

  • el 30/10/2018 a las 1:35 am
    Permalink

    Thanks a lot for providing individuals with such a splendid opportunity to read critical reviews from this web site. It is always so terrific and jam-packed with a great time for me personally and my office colleagues to search your site minimum thrice per week to read the latest guides you will have. And indeed, I’m just always astounded with all the gorgeous inspiring ideas you serve. Some 3 facts in this post are undoubtedly the most impressive I’ve had.

  • el 29/10/2018 a las 8:29 am
    Permalink

    I in addition to my friends were actually checking out the excellent pointers from the blog then unexpectedly I got a horrible suspicion I never thanked the web site owner for those secrets. Most of the young boys had been consequently warmed to read through them and have in effect definitely been enjoying these things. I appreciate you for getting very accommodating and then for making a choice on varieties of essential issues millions of individuals are really desirous to be informed on. My very own honest regret for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

  • el 28/10/2018 a las 1:54 pm
    Permalink

    I have to convey my gratitude for your generosity giving support to men and women that need help with your theme. Your real commitment to passing the solution all around turned out to be particularly beneficial and has usually made others much like me to attain their desired goals. Your useful suggestions entails much a person like me and substantially more to my office colleagues. Regards; from all of us.

  • el 27/10/2018 a las 6:56 pm
    Permalink

    I as well as my friends were actually analyzing the excellent suggestions on your website and all of the sudden developed a horrible suspicion I never thanked you for those secrets. My ladies came certainly warmed to learn all of them and have in effect clearly been using those things. I appreciate you for indeed being indeed helpful as well as for making a choice on variety of superb themes most people are really desirous to learn about. Our own honest regret for not saying thanks to you earlier.

  • el 26/10/2018 a las 8:48 pm
    Permalink

    I simply desired to say thanks yet again. I’m not certain the things that I would have implemented in the absence of the type of thoughts shared by you over my area. It was before an absolute frightful dilemma for me, however , taking a look at a new specialized avenue you resolved that forced me to cry with fulfillment. I’m just thankful for your guidance as well as have high hopes you know what a great job you were accomplishing teaching some other people thru your web blog. I’m certain you haven’t come across all of us.

  • el 25/10/2018 a las 10:42 pm
    Permalink

    I am commenting to let you understand what a fantastic discovery my wife’s girl undergone viewing your blog. She picked up such a lot of things, which included what it is like to have a very effective teaching heart to have many people without hassle learn about specified very confusing topics. You actually surpassed our own expectations. Many thanks for providing such powerful, safe, edifying and in addition fun tips on that topic to Julie.

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.